50 years of human landing on the moon, China's lunar exploration can also be expected
Fifty years ago,after a long flight,the Apollo 11 lander officially landed on the moon.Astronaut Armstrong,on behalf of mankind,first set foot on a celestial body outside the earth,taking a small step for him and a big step for mankind.
For people all over the world,it is not only a landmark event in the field of aerospace,but also an eternal memory belonging to all mankind that mankind landed on the moon for the first time and left its mark of existence on the moon.The fruitful technological achievements brought by the moon landing are still benefiting the public.The scientific spirit and exploration spirit behind the moon landing have affected countless latecomers to move forward fearlessly.
50 years later,China's lunar exploration program"Chang'e project"has entered its 16th year.Although China's lunar exploration started late,it has great stamina.
The reporter learned from the National Space Administration that the chang'e-4 lander and the"jade rabbit-2"Inspector,which achieved the first soft landing of the human probe on the back of the moon in early 2019,have completed their work in the day of July,ushering in the moon night again.At 9:00 on July 9,chang'e-4 lander completed the moon night mode setting according to the ground instructions and entered the moon night sleep.Subsequently,the"jade rabbit II"Inspector entered"sleep"at 9:10 on July 9.
On the day of July,the neutron and radiation dose detectors and low-frequency radio spectrometers on the surface of the chang'e-4 lander were started up as planned to continue the scientific exploration mission.During this period,the"jade rabbit II"Inspector continued to move according to the established route,and carried out relevant detection work at multiple detection points.A large number of scientific detection data were obtained from infrared spectrometer,panoramic camera,neutral atom detector and lunar radar.
50 years ago,the Apollo 11 mission landing area was named"Jinghai base";50 years later,the landing area of chang'e-4 mission was named"Tianhe base".There are only two places on the moon that are qualified to be named after"base"and are internationally recognized.
"After the successful implementation of Chang'e 1,2,3 and 4 missions,China has made considerable progress and development in many deep space exploration technologies,such as orbit design,high-precision measurement and control,lunar soft landing in place detection and patrol detection;it has made a series of basic and innovative achievements in the field of lunar scientific research;and it has cultivated a young talent team with all-round development of scientific and technological quality and ability.I hope China The moment when people land on the moon can come as soon as possible."Ouyang Ziyuan,academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and chief scientist of lunar applied science for China's first lunar exploration project,said.
Earlier,at the press conference held by the Information Office of the State Council,Wu Yanhua,deputy director general of the National Space Administration and deputy commander in chief of the lunar exploration project,introduced the situation of the chang'e-4 mission and China's follow-up deep space exploration plan.He said that China will continue to implement the lunar exploration project,break through the automatic sampling and return technology of extraterrestrial objects,and achieve regional soft landing and sampling return.The lunar exploration project will achieve the three-step goal of"orbiting,falling and returning".
Lunar exploration and deep space exploration are the inevitable choices for human beings to go out of the earth home and explore outer space.Wuyanhua said that with the continuous progress of the lunar exploration project,chang'e-6 and other lunar probes will be launched later to carry out lunar polar exploration and lunar Antarctic sampling return as planned;Chang'e-7 plans to carry out a comprehensive lunar south pole exploration,including landform,material composition,etc.
Every bold idea and successful implementation of lunar exploration is a full demonstration of human ability to understand and use the planet.Not long ago,China also organized researchers to fully discuss the location of the lunar probe landing area and the relevant scientific value,providing a reference for the fourth phase of the lunar exploration project and the subsequent construction of scientific research stations.
In the vast deep space,only innovation can seize the first opportunity.According to the public information of the lunar exploration and space engineering center of the National Space Administration,China's first Mars exploration mission will realize the orbit,landing and inspection of Mars through a launch mission,carry out global and comprehensive orbit exploration of Mars,and carry out patrol exploration of local areas.At present,the project has entered the prototype development stage and is scheduled to launch in 2020.
In addition,China plans to carry out three subsequent missions,including Mars sampling and return,asteroid exploration,and Jupiter system and planetary transit exploration.